Velvet is a type of tufted fabric in which the cut threads are very evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it a distinct feel.Velvet can be made from many different kinds of fibers. It is woven on a special loom that weaves two pieces of velvet at the same time. The two pieces are then cut apart and the two lengths of fabric are wound on separate take-up rolls.
Velvet is a soft fabric, such as silk, rayon, or nylon, having a smooth, dense pile and a plain underside. It has a very silky and soft-to-touch look and is used as a base for exclusive decorative paintingsVelvet’s knitted counterpart is velour. Velvet was very expensive and was considered to be among the luxury goods together with silk. Corduroy and velveteen were considered the “poor man’s velvet” when they were first produced.
Velvet is difficult to clean, but in modern times, dry cleaning is used.
Panne is a type of finish for velvet which gives it a special shiny look, similar to many velours.
Velvet is made, ideally, from silk. Cotton can also be used, though this often results in a slightly less luxurious fabric. More recently, synthetic velvets have been developed, mostly polyester, nylon, viscose, acetate and mixtures of different synthetics, or synthetics and natural fibres (eg. viscose and silk). Velvet can also be made from fibres such as linen, mohair and wool. A cloth made by the Kuba people of the Democratic Republic of Congo from raffia is often referred to as “Kuba velvet”.
A small percentage of lycra is used sometimes to give stretch.
Materials Required :
1. Velvet Cloth
2. Fabric Colors
3. Carbon Sheet ( Brown Color ) ( Contrast to the Velvet Cloth color )
4. Pencil / Pen
5. Bush ( Size 000 and 001 )
6. Sparkles Tube or Silver / Golden Paint ( depending on your choice )
7. Thick Board to place underneath the cloth
8. White Fabric color
Acquire the right kind of paint for your velvet. You need to use professional grade acrylic paint designed for use on fabric.
Know that velvet is a very difficult medium to paint on.
Conduct a test on a small piece of the fabric to make sure the paint is compatible with your technique.
All fabric absorbs paint differently, and this can determine the way that color spreads on it.
Be aware that a loose fabric weave will allow maximum penetration of color into the fibers.
Be sure to protect the fabric and the work surface by inserting a piece of plastic, cardboard or parchment under the material while you paint.
This will ensure that the fabric does not accidentally stick to the surface you are working on.
Process :Step 1 : Clean the velvet
Pre-wash new fabric. This will ensure that you eliminate any problems with sizing, which can cause the paint to loosen.
If this happens, the paint will not hold firmly to the fabric.
Check if there are any hair or dust particles settled, this will hinder when you paint.
Step 2 : Trace the Design / Pattern
This is a very interesting way to draw on the velvet.
Step : 2.1 : Draw the design on a A4 ( size as per your wish ) with a black pencil.
Step : 2.2: Trace the design on a Tracing paper ( Translucent Sheet ) ( Optional )
Step : 2.3 : Place the tracing paper on the velvet cloth with the carbon sheet in between
Step : 2.4 : Trace the entire design on the velvet cloth
Step : 2.5 : Remove the tracing paper , carbon and now you have the design on the cloth
Its time for you to paint.
Step 3 : Coloring
Step : 3.1 : Velvet being a highly absorbent material, any color that you apply will be soaked by the fabric.
One should therefore apply a base of white paint to the cloth before you start to paint.
Apply thick coat of white paint on areas which you want to color.
Leave the remaining ones as it is.
Step : 3.2 : When done as shown above. Allow it to dry. Now color as you want to.
When it has dried use the sparkles / Silver / Golden color to draw the borders.